KDI conducted a study across all the LGAs in Bayelsa, Imo and Kogi states using a mixed-method research design and triangulated quantitative and qualitative datasets to search the pre-election environment using tested early warning indicators to examine signals of electoral insecurity. The indicators assessed in this ESRA include the following under-listed:
The quantitative method involves a survey, while the qualitative approach involves Key informant Interviews and a desk review with electoral security experts, CSO groups, media, and other relevant stakeholders. Also, secondary data from relevant publications and media were used to substantiate the findings.
The overall target population for this survey is the voting population – age 18 and above living in Bayelsa, Imo and Kogi states. This study featured a random sample from the targeted population, and the population definition was predicated on registered and non-registered voters. With a 95% confidence interval and + or – 2% margin of error – Data were collected between September and October 2023 by KDI’s field researchers through a survey. 955, 2534, and 1787 responses were drawn from Bayelsa, Imo and Kogi states using the ESRA questionnaire.
KDI believes elections constitute the body, soul, and spirit of democracy. However, how credible and peaceful an election is; determines its democratic measurement.
Peace, Conflict and Security
KDI, in her electoral conflict, prevention, mitigation, and resolution approach, provides stakeholders and influencers with the necessary...
KDI recognizes the need for effective data advocacy, so KDI has created a niche for herself in using data to establish facts in advocating for...
Research and Publications
KDI conducts her research from the citizens’ perspective and focuses on what people can do collectively to address problems affecting their lives, communities, and nation.
From encouraging citizens participation, to advocating for gender equity and improved electoral and justice systems.
Citizen, Democracy & Development
Kimpact Development Initiative (KDI) is a youth-focused nonprofit, nonpartisan, nongovernmental organization that inspires citizen-led democratic development that is anchored on the principles of participation, data-driven advocacy, strong democratic institutions, and public policies…
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DR. A. AKIYODE
PROF. OLU OGUNSAKIN
PROF. REMI SONAIYA
MR ROTIMI OLAWALE
Senior Program Manager
Head of Finance
Head of Admin